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Take care not antibiotics

On European Antibiotic Awareness Day, we’re reminding patients that we should all only use antibiotics  when they’re needed to keep them effective.

Cough and colds are circulating and many of us may be tempted to visit the GP for antibiotics, but patients are being warned that if they’re not needed they won’t be prescribed.  In fact, 44% of all people who visit the GP suffering from a cold or flu want or think they need antibiotics1.

Antibiotics only work on bacterial infections. Bacteria is very smart. It finds ways to become immune to the antibiotics that we take, making them less effective and in some cases stops them working. New antibiotics aren’t being researched and developed so we have to use the once we have sensibly.

Most sore throats, such as tonsillitis, are viral infections so taking antibiotics won’t have an effect. The best thing people can do is visit their pharmacist who can advise some over the counter remedies to ease the symptoms and remember to take plenty of rest and drink lots of fluids.

Bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics when they’re used often; if they’re not taken as prescribed or the course isn’t finished.

If people don’t finish the course because they feel better for example, then some of the bacteria can still be in the system. It then mutates and develops a resistance to that antibiotic so that it’s not as effective next time.

You should never share your antibiotics with anyone else because you don’t know their medical history.

For more information about staying well this winter visit www.nhs.uk/staywell

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